Being Smart with Tax Deductions in 2018

It’s always a good idea to be aware of the tax deductions and write-offs that you legally qualify for. While most people tend to worry about their taxes at the beginning of February, being prepared beforehand is a good idea. April might appear to be far away but if you have everything in order, you can make the process stress-free for yourself and make sure that you save money as well.

Now, if you’re wondering what tax deductions you can qualify for, the following is a list of expenses that you should take into considerations for San Diego tax preparation.

Dental and Medical Bills

It’s possible to have around 7.5% of your expenses deducted, as long as they are related to the medical or dental bills of your spouse or other dependents. This amount can only be deducted from your gross adjusted income. It’s a good idea to properly calculate this amount to make sure that you’re not disappointed or miscalculate the expected returns for your San Diego tax preparations.

Fees for Tax Preparation – Self Employed

While this used to be a write-off this expense, it is only available for self-employed individuals now. You can get a write off on any fee that is associated with the process of tax preparations. This expense can be filed for under the list of miscellaneous tax deductions. Costs for tax preparations include fees that are related to electronic filing or working with a San Diego tax preparation company.

Deductions for Home Renovations

Usually, home renovations are not included in your list of deductibles. However, if these renovations are necessitated by a medical condition, requiring the need for the inclusion of wheelchair ramps, accessibility and other improvements to make the house habitable for a person with special needs, you can deduct these renovations as a medical expense in your San Diego tax preparations. Unfortunately, if these renovations improve the value of your home, you might not be eligible for it.

Sales Tax – State and Local

It is now possible for taxpayers of a state to qualify for deducting their income taxes or their sales taxes that were paid in the taxing year. Keep in mind that this is only limited to one option. If you’re deducting sales taxes, you cannot deduct income taxes and vice versa. Additionally, the limit for deductions on federal income taxes for local and state taxes per calendar year comes up to $10,000 only. This option is also feasible if you’re living in a state that has no income tax. In this scenario, you can deduct local and state sales tax from your San Diego tax preparations.

Taxes – State, Local and Foreign

Itemized deductions can also be claimed on certain local, state and even foreign taxes. This can be done for state and local taxes on personal property, real estate taxes that apply on a state, local and foreign level and even income taxes for local, state and foreign purposes.

Jury Duty

In some cases, people might give their jury pay to their employers since they were still getting paid a salary while they were serving jury duty, they can easily claim it as a deductible. This only applies to their taxable income so pick this option wisely in San Diego tax preparations.

Donations for Volunteer Work

If you’re volunteering for a place, you can also deduct expenses related to your volunteering, such as the cost of gas when driving to and from the place. This can be done with ease by calculating the value per mile or even costs associated with parking space, uniforms and more. However, when filing for this tax deductible, you need to make sure that you have the proper documentation available from the charity work to support your claim.

Deductions for Bad Debt

This doesn’t relate to outstanding loans on your part. This is related to lending money to someone and never getting it back. As a bad debt, you stand to get a tax rebate on such transactions. However, to qualify for this, you need to have included the amount in your loaned or income cash and you also need to show proof that prior attempts were made to retrieve the amount. Once there is irrefutable proof that there is no chance in recouping the amount, you can include that proof in your San Diego tax preparations as well.

Military Personnel – Moving Expenses

While moving expenses could be claimed as long as they met the time and distance tests enforced by the IRA for a new job, this facility isn’t available anymore. However, members of the military who have to move due to a change of stations permanently can still avail this tax deductible. This means that as long as you meet the tests and requirements in San Diego tax preparations, you can recoup your moving expenses with ease.

Baggage Fees – Airlines – Self Employed

Baggage fees that are incurred while travelling can be claimed as a tax deductible, only if you are self-employed and travel frequently. Since this facility is not available for employed individuals, you should opt for airlines that offer lower air baggage fees in this scenario.

Mortgage Deductions – Interest

Mortgages can be very expensive for families but the good news here is that you can get a tax deduction based on this factor. For married couples filing together, they can stand to deduct their interest on all loans that come up to the amount of $750,000 or less. If you’re filing your taxes separately, you can only deduct interest from loans that come up to $375,000 or less.

Sale of Your Home

In San Diego tax preparation, the profit you generated from the sale of your home or other real estate property can also be excluded. For married couples who are filing together, they can exclude profits of up to $500,000 or less. For single filing, you will only be eligible to deduct up to $250,000 or less of the profit from your overall income.

Expenses Associated with Investments

While previously, investors could claim expenses such as custodial fees for the IRA, costs associated with accounting and investment advice, this option is no longer available for 2018. On the other hand, you can claim deductions for interest expenses. This relates to the interest which is paid on all the money that is being borrowed for taxable investments which can be purchased. Keep in mind that the overall amount is capped at the net total of your income from taxable investments per year.

Losses in Gambling

The good news for gamblers here is that tax rules for gambling remain unchanged. This means that if you did experience losses related to gambling, you can include them. However, you can only make deductions based on the total amount of the gambling income which you have reported. Additionally, when you’re preparing for this, make sure to include proof to substantiate claims of losses in San Diego tax preparations.

Alimony Payments

The bad news here is that alimony payments are not going to be legible for tax deductions if someone gets divorced after the 31st of December, 2018. On the other hand, if you’re paying alimony as part of your separation or divorce decree, you qualify for a tax deduction if you meet the following different conditions:

  • Make payments with check, cash or money order.
  • Do not file taxes with your former spouse or spouse.
  • You have separated legally and no longer live in the same house.
  • You’re not making payments for child support.
  • All payments are being made to support your former spouse or estranged spouse.

If you meet all these conditions for alimony, you can make a deduction on your taxes. However, always pay attention to other local rules and laws which might apply for San Diego tax preparations.

Contributions to Health Savings

If you or someone else than your business employer has been making contributions in your health savings account, you can be eligible to make a tax deduction based on the contributions being made. Keep in mind that a health savings account is one that is established with the sole purpose of helping to pay for or reimburse one in the event of a medical emergency.

Contributions to IRA

Contributions that are being made in traditional IRA accounts can qualify for a tax deduction, if your spouse or you do not have a retirement account that is employer-based. Keep in mind that in San Diego tax preparations that deductions are also not allowed for Roth based IRA contributions. However, if you meet the criteria outlined, you can easily get a deduction that matches the full amount and can range from $5,500 to $6,500, particularly if you are 50 years old or older.

Contributions to 401k

Making contributions to 401k is always encouraged by employers but you’ll be happy to know that you also get tax benefits when you contribute to it. In short, you can easily get immediate taxable benefits, by lowering the total amount of your income which is taxable. This also means that your take-home pay is not impacted by contributing. It’s a good idea to do it beforehand for San Diego tax preparations.

Dependent Care – Flexible Spending Account

If you’re setting up a flexible spending account for a dependent in your care, such as your child you can easily put money tax free into it. Keep in mind that the maximum amount comes up to $5,000 per year. Additionally, this is a different account and should not be mistaken for the credit for child tax. This is usually used for the care and upkeep of physical or mental disabilities, handicapped individuals and other spouses or children.

Tuition Fees

To make financial matters easier for supporting your own education bills, you can easily deduct $4,000 from the overall fees that you spend for higher education. Furthermore, you need to make sure that you’re studying in a course or a field which qualifies for these tax returns. By paying attention to this factor, you can recompense a small fraction of the costs invested in your educational bills. The good news here is that you can also pay for your spouse. However, if you are married but not filling for taxes together, you don’t get to qualify for this option. For students of four year education post-secondary programs, you can deduct $2,500 with ease.

Home Offices – Self Employed

If you’re using your home as a home office, you can deduct a certain amount of bills and expenses in relation to it. However, this option is only valid if you’re using that part of your home exclusively for work purposes. Additionally, for San Diego tax preparation, you must also show that you have made your home to be the principal location for your business. While this was an option that was previously open for all businesses, it now only applies to self-employed individuals.

Corporate Cars – Self Employed

For business use, if you are primarily using your corporate cars, you can deduct your costs associated with the upkeep, fuel and mileage of the car. You can also estimate your overall cost for the car by the actual expense method. In any case, you need to provide proof of the car’s usage and you also have to ensure that you’re self-employed to qualify for this tax deduction.

Travel Expenses – Business – Self Employed

Expenses incurred while travelling due to your business are also deductible in your taxes. These include the costs associated with meals, business calls, transportation, lodging and more. Keep in mind that travel arrangements that are extravagant, lavish or affluent will not always qualify for tax deductions for business-related purposes. Additionally, this is applicable for self-employed individuals only.

These aren’t the only tax deductions you can qualify for. Make sure you look up all that you can qualify for in San Diego tax preparation. When you pay attention to all of them, you will find that you can actually save a lot of money in the process. Additionally, try to start your tax preparation earlier so that you have plenty of time to find out about more benefits you qualify for.

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2016 Tax Preparation Guide For The Self

2016 Tax Preparation Guide For The Self-Employed

Working as a freelancer can be a dream for those who don’t like to punch a time clock. There’s no one to answer too and it’s a schedule where a person can set their own hours. However, all of the glitz and glamor of owning a business goes away when it comes to the yearly tax report. Regardless of whether the taxes are self-prepared or done by an accountant, it’s still important to know what deductions a business qualifies for so that proper measures can be taken throughout the year.

Schedule C

To avoid paying a ton to Uncle Sam, most people use a Form 1040 and use a Schedule C. One of the biggest goals of the self-employed is to write off as much as possible. The form starts allowing deductions on Line 8. Here, a write off for advertising is allocated. This will include anything that is done to promote the business. It can be business cards, printed brochures, and even a sponsorship to local community events. Anything used to promote the business should be listed here.

Car Expenses

Car and truck expenses are often a big write-off, and the filer has two basic options. On line 9 of the schedule C, the number of miles driven for business can be entered. The IRS will times those miles by 57.5 cents and in 2016 it’s .54 cents In addition, any money paid for parking fees and other tolls can be added too. This amount goes on line 9. In section B of form 4562, the other option is to itemize expenses verses mileage. This would be the costs of gas, insurance, repairs and other car-related costs. It is usually much more advantageous to the bottom line to claim the mileage over actual expenses.

Employees/Contract Labor

As a self-employed business professional, it is often necessary to hire other freelancers to help out. It could be a college student who is helping to do some filing or computer work. Hiring contractors goes line 11  or employees line 26 of the Schedule C and is known as Contract Labor. Any labor that the freelancer paid for, but didn’t treat as a regular employee, would go on this line. Don’t include fees for accountants and lawyers on this line, those go on Line 17. Repairs for business equipment would go on Line 21, so it too doesn’t go in this lot. It is reserved for just the people paid to do a job for the business. See the IRS guidelines for more information in Independent Contractors.

Depreciation

If a business has any sort of equipment, then depreciation is going to play a big role in reducing the amount owed. This could be computers, camera, machinery and anything else that the company bought to utilize. The IRS allows you to claim the items depreciation over five years. There is an exception that will allow a business to write off the total amount up front, or they can split it up over the next five years. Line 13 is pretty self-explanatory.

Insurance

As a freelance business, it is important to have insurance. All sorts of insurance premiums from auto to malpractice can be written off on Line 15. If the company pays for workers’ compensation, storm, accident and even office insurance, write it off here.

Interest Expense

Any loans that were taken out for the business can be reported on Line 16. If there were any interest paid in the loans, it’s also recorded here. This can be for credit card debt, or mortgage interest used if taking the home office deduction. Only a small percentage of mortgage interest will apply to this deduction for home offices.

Professional Services

On Line 17, any legal or professional services can be written off. If there was a lawyer that did some work for the company or an accountant; their fees would be included here. It can be hard sometimes to determine between contract labor and professional services. Typically, anything other than legal or accounting goes under contract labor.

Office Expenses

One of the ways to get some money back is office supplies. Ever pen, paper-clip, stamp, and other professional instruments can be written off on Line 18. Keep all those recipes from the year, as it can really add up to a great deal. Ink for the printer and printer paper are big expenses. Be sure to tally all that up and include it here.

Professional Equipment/Business Property

If the company leases any gear, like cars or professional equipment, then they can write it off on Line 20a. If a property is being rented for the business, then it can go under 20b, which is for other business property.

Repairs/Maintenance

This is not typically a huge category for the freelancer. Line 21 is for those who pay for equipment to be repaired, or something of that nature. If the computer broke down and an IT professional had to come and fix it, then it would be categorized here. If something needed to be repaired in the home office, it would also go here. This category is not a big deduction area for the self-employed of a small home based business.

Supplies for Physical Products

If a freelance business produces things to sell, then they can write off the supplies on Line 22. This can be copy paper, leather or whatever else is needed to make the goods sold. The cost of the inventory doesn’t go here. Just what had to be purchased within the last calendar year should be included.

Real Estate Taxes/Licenses

Any real estate taxes or federal unemployment taxes can be reported on Line 23. A home office allows a person to put a percentage of the real estate taxes on here too, but a calculation has to be done from Line 30 to see how much to claim.

Travel

Those who travel for the business purposes can enter the costs on Line 24a. Remember to only include meals, gas, mileage and other expenses that were for actual business and not pleasure parts of the trip. Only reasonable meals count. Anything extravagant will be frowned on from the IRS.

Utilities

If the office is not in the home, then a person can deduct 100 percent of the utilities. A home office goes according to a calculation from Line 30. Utilities are considered to be the phone, gas, internet and electric. This goes on line 28.

Home Office

The biggest and most complex deduction is often the home office. In order for this to count on the freelancer taxes, it must be the location where most of the business work is done. The space must be only for business and nothing else. The freelancer must meet clients there regularly, do work there, or using it as a place to store or showcase inventory. The home and office must be measured and the calculations entered online. It’s wise to keep some pictures of the space, keep receipts that are associated with any claims and make sure not to trigger any red flags at the IRS with outlandish claims.

Doing the taxes as a freelancer can be quite tedious. It is better to have an accountant look over things so that there is some level of protection in the event of an audit.

 

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4 Critical Bookkeeping Tips for 2015

The Essential Bookkeeping Guide

There are many reasons to keep watch on your books. Knowing your incomes, your outgoings and having control over your finances helps your business and personal life. When you have a complete handle on all of your finances you will actually feel safer and more comfortable with your life. If you are not a numbers person or the idea of keeping track of your finances is terrifying, then you need to hire a bookkeeper to manage it for you.

Actually Do It The first and most important bookkeeping tip is to actually do it. If you don’t do it then you will need to hire someone that will. The reason you need to do it is because you have a legal requirement to keep your books and if you don’t you could be subject to a fine or worse. When you keep your books you will have more control of your business. Its impossible to know whether you are up or down, what bills you have to pay or how who owes you money, if you don’t keep your books. Keeping your own books will lower the fees your accountant charges you to manage your accounts, and if you ever want to sell your business or get financing, you will need to present your books.

Track it All Start by tracking all of your expenses you may end up paying for things that you don’t know about or building up fees that you are blissfully unaware of. Tracking your expenses is the first and most important way to keep track of your finances. Start by noting down everything you buy, ever! If you purchase a coffee, keep the receipt and track it. You need to know how much you pay for coffee every week, month and year. The coffee is just one example; you must track all of your expenses from petrol money to house bills.

Set Aside Money For Taxes Every time you get paid you should put aside the right amount for taxes. You don’t want tax time to come around and you found you have spent the money. The IRS can incur penalties for you not filling out your tax returns on time and you could find the situation getting worse and worse. Note the tax deadlines on your calendar so you know when you need to pay, and set aside money throughout the year so you are always prepared.

Use A System to track it A system can be a simple as a diary or file that contains all your incomings, outgoings, taxes and all other finances. You can also get a system like Simplex to help track your books and accounts in a simple fashion. There are other systems like Everite and Collins that you can use or outsource to manage your accounts and keep your books. There a wide variety of computerized systems and if you are running a small to large business you will want to consider using one of these systems. You can use Sage, MYOB, or search in Google for bookkeeping systems and there are many to chose from. The bottom line is that you must use a system. You can use a notebook or filing system to keep track of everything, and organize it so that you can see incomings and outgoings.

Simple Rules For Keeping Books When you are writing in your files make sure to use a pen instead of a pencil. If the IRS or the tax office is ever inspecting you, they like to see that you are using a pen. Also don’t use Tippex because that can also look suspicious. Keep your books updated regularly. If you wait around for months before organizing and managing your books then it will get too overwhelming and you will end up messing up or leaving it too long. The best thing to do is to keep your books updated daily or at the very least, weekly. This will ensure that you are never piling up too much work and you are keeping it manageable at all times. When you are paid, or you spend or any financial transaction takes place, it should be recorded in your books. If money is going in or out of your pocket then it needs to be in the book. If you use online banking then print out your bank statements whenever you get them. If you get bank statements in the post then keep them all filed so you have all the information needed whenever you are organizing or sorting out your books.  

More About Your Bank Statements Every month you should go through all your bank statements and confirm that they fit with the details in your books. Anything that you have missed or that isn’t covered you need to track properly in your books. Go through each entry and as you match the entries from your books and your statements you should tick them off. This is an easy way to make sure everything is kept up to date. When you go through the statements make sure you notice any standing orders, interests or charges and confirm that they are all in your books properly documented. When you have gone through everything, calculate the final balance and write it down so you have it recorded for that month. Compile all your total sales figures and expenses for every month and when you have all the data you will be able to properly calculate your profit and loss. You should record all of this in a spreadsheet, or notebook at the very least. There are many software’s and services that you can use to make this much easier.

A Friendly Reminder If this is all a little overwhelming for you and you are already tearing your hear out, then you know exactly why bookkeepers have jobs. It will give you incredible peace of mind to hire a good bookkeeper to manage all this number crunching. Bookkeepers can manage several accounts so you won’t need someone full time, and you can usually hire someone for a fairly low fee to manage everything for you. Regardless of weather you hire a bookkeeper or not, you will still need to start tracking your incomes and outgoings by saving receipts, invoices, banks statements and any other financial transactions.

Claim Business Expenses This is extremely important if you are not doing it already. You can claim for any cost that is made exclusively for the business. You should save all of your receipts, especially those for the business because when you add up those costs you can claim for these. If you have stationary that you use in the office you can claim for that. If you take a trip to the bank in order to have a business meeting then you can claim for the cost of petrol.  If you have an office at home you can claim a portion back from your electricity and maintenance bills including telephone and Internet. If you are having trouble deciding whether something is exclusively being used for the business then you can talk to an accountant.

Get some further training The HMRC give away some free training including some workshops, which you can go on to learn more about this. You can go on a free workshop to learn about setting up a company, managing your VAT, running a payroll and many other financial lessons. It’s important to take an interest in learning how to manage your finances because if you can get on top of it your business will grow and your finances will improve. You will also gain incredible peace of mind knowing that you are on top of everything yourself and you don’t need to hire someone, although you still can if you want.

Final Conclusion There is a lot to think about when dealing with your taxes, books and finances. This is why you may want to consider hiring an accountant or bookkeeper to start the process of managing your books and keep your finances in check. It’s a legal requirement and it gives you an opportunity to have complete control over your financial life.

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